Gaston Phoebus – Das Buch der Jagd

Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, M.1044

Gaston III, count of Foix and Béarn in the south of France, wrote his “Livre de chasse”, or Master of Game, in the years 1387–1389. This work not only represents the most famous record of medieval hunting, but may also be considered as one of the most interesting testimonies to the cultural history of its time. 

A bestseller, straight from the Middle Ages

Right from the beginning, the Master of Game was a great success. The courts of France and Burgundy saw in it more than a study of nature; instead it was rather considered a work of art that inspired painters and writers for many generations. The most outstanding quality was reached by the Masters of the Bedford workshop, to whom we owe this painted manuscript. Scholars claim that it is among “the finest manuscripts ever made in the Middle Ages”.

Shining gold and glowing colours in 87 miniatures

This hitherto little known, but magnificently painted hand-written copy of the lost original text of the Master of Game was commissioned by Duke Philip the Bold, brother of the bibliophile Duc de Berry.


Its 128 folios in the impressive format of 38.5 x 28.6 cm contain 87 extraordinary miniatures. Their bright and fresh colours on the sumptuous, partly finely chiselled gold grounds present a surprising painting technique of a sensitive and subtle aesthetics: The elaborate studies of animals and nature, the realistic figural scenes are just as impressive as the sensitive treatment of colour. The rendering of three-dimensionality in the painting was revolutionary for the time. All this is proof of the high level of craftsmanship reached by the French artists.

Gaston Phoebus – The Master of Game

14. Jahrhundert

The most celebrated hunting book of medieval times

Gaston de Foix, because of his bright blond hair also called “Phoebus” after the Greek sun god, describes in his four-part hunting book not only the then common forms of hunting, but also presents an impressive natural history, which – long before the times of the empiric sciences – was based on the extensive observation of different species and used as a text book well into the 19th century.

The brilliant art of painting from the workshop of the Bedford Master

Duke Philip the Bold chose only the best book painters then active in Paris to decorate his Master of Game. The artists from the workshop of the Bedford Master created miniatures of outstanding and fresh vivacity. The unique treatment of three-dimensional forms and faces, as well as the softly swinging drapery are distinctive features of their style.

Glowing gold and precious colours – the whole range of artistic possibilities

Today we stand in awe before the elaborately painted images of the Master of Game, evidence of the amazing creativity and devotion with which the book painters performed their task. The masterly artists from the Bedford workshop managed to transpose their almost lyrical sense of the realm of Nature into a world of imagery infatuated with even the tiniest details.

The multitude of backgrounds made of precious gold and brightly shining colours in our painted manuscript is sheer endless. In some cases the applied gold leaf was additionally decorated with filigree chiselling or partly painted with coloured motifs; in others, the painters added the subdued tone of brush gold to the coloured grounds. A particular challenge to the mastery of the artists was the lozenge pattern whose individual elements were additionally highlighted with filigree decoration.

Images reminiscent of princely castles

The generous layout of the paintings in the Master of Game and their particular effect of depth are strongly reminiscent of exquisite tapestries. The artists obviously wanted to achieve this effect using certain painting techniques to further underline the glory of the miniatures in the book.

A masterpiece of a Fine Art Facsimile re-creation in luminous colours and glowing gold

Gaston Phoebus – The Master of Game is published as a faithful Fine Art Facsimile limited edition in the format of 38.5 x 28.6 cm. The fact that this edition is strictly limited to only 980 hand-numbered copies makes the Master of Game an exclusive masterpiece of book art world-wide and an item with rarity value.

87 vivid miniatures, richly ornate with gold leaf and brush gold, 126 imaginative large initials, as well as abundant scrollwork made of shining golden, red and blue foliage make the 128 folios a perfect background for the whole splendour of French bibliophile collection in the Gothic period. Written in a wonderful, if not perfect textura script, the French text has remained clearly legible to this day.

Exquisitely bound in parchment and silk, royally decorated with the lily of the French kings

The binding of the Fine Art Facsimile edition is modelled on a blue silk binding from the library of King Louis XII. The fine silk was especially woven fur this purpose and embroidered with golden lilies, the emblem of the French royal dynasty. Last but not least, the noble impression of the volume is perfected by the use of fine parchment with which the bookbinder covers the spine.

The Commentary Volume

In their commentary, Yves Christe (Geneva), Antoine d’Escayrac-Lauture (Kasteeel Westerlo), William Voelkle (New York) and François Avril (Paris) present a comprehensive historic and art-historic analysis of the work. Thanks to the complete transcription and translation of the French text, today’s readers may also immerse themselves in the aristocratic culture of the Middle Ages.

Both the facsimile and the commentary volumes are presented in a protective case of acrylic glass.